Monotherapy of stable angina with nicardipine hydrochloride: Double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized study

M. Gheorghiade, D. A. Weiner, S. Chakko, J. N. Lessem, M. D. Klein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effect of nicardipine hydrochloride, a calcium-channel blocking agent, was studied in 46 patients with stable angina in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized, repeated cross-over protocol, using a 30 or 40 mg dose of nicardipine or placebo three times a day. Mean resting heart rate and blood pressure did not change significantly with 30 mg nicardipine; heart rate increased from 81 ± 10 to 88 ± 13 beats min-1, systolic blood pressure decreased from 129 ± 18 to 119 ± 16 mmHg, and diastolic blood pressure from 81 ± 12 to 74 ± 11 mmHg (P < 0.01 for all three variables) with a 40 mg dose. Using a treadmill exercise protocol, mean exercise duration increased from 5.4 ± 1.8 to 6.0 ± 1.8 min (P < 0.01) with 30 mg nicardipine, and from 5.8 ± 1.7 to 6.6 ± 1.9 min (P < 0.01) with 40 mg. Time to onset of angina increased from 4.6 ± 1.9 to 5.2 ± 1.7 min (P < 0.05) with 30 mg and from 5.1 ± 1.8 to 5.7 ± 1.8 min (P = NS) with 40 mg. Mean anginal frequency and sublingual nitroglycerin consumption were low during the cross-over placebo period and did not change significantly during therapy with nicardipine. Non-cardiac side-effects were mild and required the withdrawal of only one patient from the study. However, during nicardipine therapy four patients had unstable angina and two developed a non-Q wave myocardial infarction. Of these patients, five were receiving a β-adrenergic blocker that was discontinued prior to the study. It is concluded that nicardipine had only a mild positive effect on exercise duration. As observed with other dihydropyridines, nicardipine has the potential to precipitate important ischaemic events in patients with stable angina, particularly when started after discontinuing a β-adrenergic blocking agent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)695-701
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean heart journal
Volume10
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1989

Keywords

  • Angina
  • Nicardipine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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