Monoclonal antibodies to rabbit skeletel muscle protein phosphatases C-I and C-II

M. Speth, R. Alejandro, E. Y.C. Lee

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15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rabbit skeletal muscle protein phosphatases C-I and C-II have been previously isolated as two proteins of M- = ~35,000. Both enzymes display broad substrate specificities but have distinct enzymatic properties in regard to their susceptibility to heat-stable protein inhibitor-2 and their response to divalent cations. Monoclonal antibodies against both protein phosphatase C-I and C-II were produced by fusion of spleen cells of immunized BALB/c mice with SP2/0-Ag14 mouse myeloma cells. The products of the hybrid cells were screened by solid phase radioimmunoassay for the production of antibodies to protein phosphatase C-I and C-II. Positive cells were cloned and injected into mice to produce ascitic fluids. Ten monoclonal antibodies against phosphatase C-I and eight monoclonal antibodies against phosphatase C-II were obtained. These antibodies were characterized with regard to their relative binding affinities to the two protein phosphatases and their abilities to inhibit the phosphorylase phosphatase activities of the two enzymes. All ten of the phosphatase C-I monoclonal antibodies inhibited the phosphorylase phosphatase activity of phosphatase C-I, and three of these also inhibited phosphatase C-II. Only one of the eight antibodies to phosphatase C-II was inhibitory and inhibited the activities of both phosphatase C-I and C-II. Examination of the binding of these monoclonal antibodies by a solid phase radioimmunoassay showed that eight of the ten phosphatase C-I antibodies cross-reacted with phosphatase C-II, while all eight of the phosphatase C-II antibodies cross-reacted with phosphatase C-I. These findings show that phosphatases C-I and C-II possess common antigenic determinant(s) and may, therefore, be structurally related proteins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3475-3481
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume259
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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