Monitoring Pathogenic Viable E. coli O157:H7 in Food Matrices Based on the Detection of RNA Using Isothermal Amplification and a Paper-Based Platform

Sabrina Petrucci, Connor Costa, David Broyles, Avinash Kaur, Emre Dikici, Sylvia Daunert, Sapna K. Deo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

In recent years, the number of product recalls and contamination incidents involving pathogenic bacteria has significantly increased, and the ensuing infections continue to be an ongoing problem for public health and agriculture. Due to the widespread impact of these pathogens, there is a critical need for rapid, on-site assays that can provide rapid results. In this work, we demonstrate the development of a rapid and simple test based on the combination of reverse transcription with recombinase polymerase amplification followed by lateral flow strip detection of viable Escherichia coli O157:H7 cells by detecting the RNA of the pathogen. The optimized method can be performed for approximately 2 h with a detection limit of 10 CFU/mL of E. coli O157:H7 in buffer, spinach, and ground beef samples. Our assay is sensitive, detecting only E. coli O157:H7 and not nonpathogenic E. coli or other similar pathogens. This strategy was able to distinguish viable from nonviable bacteria and more significantly was able to detect viable but nonculturable bacteria, which is a major issue when using culture-based methods for monitoring pathogenic bacteria. An important advantage of this test is that it can provide timely identification and removal of contaminated consumables prior to distribution without an extensive sample preparation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2485-2492
Number of pages8
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Volume94
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 8 2022
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

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