Money, power, and the state: The origins of the military-fiscal state in modern china

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

During the late 1800s, internal rebellion and European imperialism transformed existing patterns of taxation, resource distribution, and government spending in China. Continual preparation for war led to an enormous growth in the state's extractive capacity, and indirect commercial taxes supplanted the system of direct agrarian levies established in the early Qing era. Authorities earmarked the majority of these new resources for military spending in eastern China in an effort to amass the sinews of politico-economic power. Together these changes laid the initial foundation for the military-fiscal state in modern China, a transformation that parallels the experience of early modern Europe.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)392-432
Number of pages41
JournalJournal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient
Volume56
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

Fingerprint

money
Military
China
economic power
imperialism
taxation
resources
taxes
Modern China
Resources
Fiscal
experience
Tax
Taxation
Government Spending
Early Modern Europe
Rebellion
Authority
Imperialism
Economics

Keywords

  • Imperialism
  • Military
  • Public finance
  • Qing dynasty
  • Statecraft

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • History
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

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AB - During the late 1800s, internal rebellion and European imperialism transformed existing patterns of taxation, resource distribution, and government spending in China. Continual preparation for war led to an enormous growth in the state's extractive capacity, and indirect commercial taxes supplanted the system of direct agrarian levies established in the early Qing era. Authorities earmarked the majority of these new resources for military spending in eastern China in an effort to amass the sinews of politico-economic power. Together these changes laid the initial foundation for the military-fiscal state in modern China, a transformation that parallels the experience of early modern Europe.

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