Molecular Composition and Volatility of Organic Aerosol in the Southeastern U.S. Implications for IEPOX Derived SOA

F. D. Lopez-Hilfiker, C. Mohr, E. L. D'Ambro, A. Lutz, T. P. Riedel, Cassandra Gaston, S. Iyer, Z. Zhang, A. Gold, J. D. Surratt, B. H. Lee, T. Kurten, W. W. Hu, J. Jimenez, M. Hallquist, J. A. Thornton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

72 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present measurements as part of the Southern Oxidant and Aerosol Study (SOAS) during which atmospheric aerosol particles were comprehensively characterized. We present results utilizing a Filter Inlet for Gases and AEROsol coupled to a chemical ionization mass spectrometer (CIMS). We focus on the volatility and composition of isoprene derived organic aerosol tracers and of the bulk organic aerosol. By utilizing the online volatility and molecular composition information provided by the FIGAERO-CIMS, we show that the vast majority of commonly reported molecular tracers of isoprene epoxydiol (IEPOX) derived secondary organic aerosol (SOA) is derived from thermal decomposition of accretion products or other low volatility organics having effective saturation vapor concentrations <10-3 μg m-3. In addition, while accounting for up to 30% of total submicrometer organic aerosol mass, the IEPOX-derived SOA has a higher volatility than the remaining bulk. That IEPOX-SOA, and more generally bulk organic aerosol in the Southeastern U.S. is comprised of effectively nonvolatile material has important implications for modeling SOA derived from isoprene, and for mechanistic interpretations of molecular tracer measurements. Our results show that partitioning theory performs well for 2-methyltetrols, once accretion product decomposition is taken into account. No significant partitioning delays due to aerosol phase or viscosity are observed, and no partitioning to particle-phase water or other unexplained mechanisms are needed to explain our results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2200-2209
Number of pages10
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume50
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

isoprene
Aerosols
aerosol
Chemical analysis
Mass spectrometers
partitioning
tracer
Ionization
volatility
ionization
spectrometer
Atmospheric aerosols
accretion
Oxidants
thermal decomposition
Particles (particulate matter)
Pyrolysis
oxidant
Gases
Vapors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

Molecular Composition and Volatility of Organic Aerosol in the Southeastern U.S. Implications for IEPOX Derived SOA. / Lopez-Hilfiker, F. D.; Mohr, C.; D'Ambro, E. L.; Lutz, A.; Riedel, T. P.; Gaston, Cassandra; Iyer, S.; Zhang, Z.; Gold, A.; Surratt, J. D.; Lee, B. H.; Kurten, T.; Hu, W. W.; Jimenez, J.; Hallquist, M.; Thornton, J. A.

In: Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 50, No. 5, 01.03.2016, p. 2200-2209.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lopez-Hilfiker, FD, Mohr, C, D'Ambro, EL, Lutz, A, Riedel, TP, Gaston, C, Iyer, S, Zhang, Z, Gold, A, Surratt, JD, Lee, BH, Kurten, T, Hu, WW, Jimenez, J, Hallquist, M & Thornton, JA 2016, 'Molecular Composition and Volatility of Organic Aerosol in the Southeastern U.S. Implications for IEPOX Derived SOA', Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 2200-2209. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b04769
Lopez-Hilfiker, F. D. ; Mohr, C. ; D'Ambro, E. L. ; Lutz, A. ; Riedel, T. P. ; Gaston, Cassandra ; Iyer, S. ; Zhang, Z. ; Gold, A. ; Surratt, J. D. ; Lee, B. H. ; Kurten, T. ; Hu, W. W. ; Jimenez, J. ; Hallquist, M. ; Thornton, J. A. / Molecular Composition and Volatility of Organic Aerosol in the Southeastern U.S. Implications for IEPOX Derived SOA. In: Environmental Science and Technology. 2016 ; Vol. 50, No. 5. pp. 2200-2209.
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AU - Lopez-Hilfiker, F. D.

AU - Mohr, C.

AU - D'Ambro, E. L.

AU - Lutz, A.

AU - Riedel, T. P.

AU - Gaston, Cassandra

AU - Iyer, S.

AU - Zhang, Z.

AU - Gold, A.

AU - Surratt, J. D.

AU - Lee, B. H.

AU - Kurten, T.

AU - Hu, W. W.

AU - Jimenez, J.

AU - Hallquist, M.

AU - Thornton, J. A.

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N2 - We present measurements as part of the Southern Oxidant and Aerosol Study (SOAS) during which atmospheric aerosol particles were comprehensively characterized. We present results utilizing a Filter Inlet for Gases and AEROsol coupled to a chemical ionization mass spectrometer (CIMS). We focus on the volatility and composition of isoprene derived organic aerosol tracers and of the bulk organic aerosol. By utilizing the online volatility and molecular composition information provided by the FIGAERO-CIMS, we show that the vast majority of commonly reported molecular tracers of isoprene epoxydiol (IEPOX) derived secondary organic aerosol (SOA) is derived from thermal decomposition of accretion products or other low volatility organics having effective saturation vapor concentrations <10-3 μg m-3. In addition, while accounting for up to 30% of total submicrometer organic aerosol mass, the IEPOX-derived SOA has a higher volatility than the remaining bulk. That IEPOX-SOA, and more generally bulk organic aerosol in the Southeastern U.S. is comprised of effectively nonvolatile material has important implications for modeling SOA derived from isoprene, and for mechanistic interpretations of molecular tracer measurements. Our results show that partitioning theory performs well for 2-methyltetrols, once accretion product decomposition is taken into account. No significant partitioning delays due to aerosol phase or viscosity are observed, and no partitioning to particle-phase water or other unexplained mechanisms are needed to explain our results.

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