Ascites sublines of the 13762 rat mammary adenocarcinoma have a cell surface sialomucin complex composed of the sialomucin ascites sialoglycoprotein-1 (ASGP-1) and the membrane-associated glycoprotein ASGP-2. The sialomucin complex is synthesized as a high Mr precursor, pre-sialomucin complex (pSMC-1). To characterize the structure of the membrane-associated component of this complex, a λgt11 cDNA expression library was constructed using mRNA from 13762 rat mammary adenocarcinoma cells and screened with polyclonal antibody against ASGP-2. The strongest antibody-binding clone, designated λASGP2.9-1, had a 1.3-kilobase (kb) insert, and hybridized to a 9-kb transcript in 13762 cell mRNA. The large size of this transcript was expected, since the estimated molecular mass of pSMC-1 is >250 kDa. To obtain the full sequence of ASGP-2, a longer cDNA (5.4 kb), designated pASGP1/2.1, was subsequently cloned by screening a plasmid library with an oligonucleotide complementary to the 5′ end of the phage insert. The amino acid sequence derived from nucleotide sequence of pASGP1/2.1 showed a 12-amino acid identity with amino acid sequence obtained from the NH2 terminus of ASGP-2, indicating the entire ASGP-2 coding region was included in the cDNA. Furthermore, an 18-amino acid identity with the NH2 terminus of a 6-kDa CNBr fragment of ASGP-2 was also observed in the cDNA sequence. The polypeptide contains several distinct domains, including a hydrophobic transmembrane domain, a short (20 residue) COOH-terminal cytoplasmic tail, and a large extracellular domain with 24 potential N-glycosylation sites. These properties correspond to features of ASGP-2 and pSMC-1 predicted by previous biochemical studies. Most interestingly, the extracellular domain contains two cysteine-rich sequences, each of which has a segment with strong similarities to proteins with epidermal growth factor activity. Since our recent studies show that ASGP-2 can modulate epidermal growth factor receptor phosphorylation activity, these results provide structural evidence to support the role of the heterodimeric sialomucin complex as a bifunctional modulator of cellular interactions and cell proliferation.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Aug 15 1992|
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