Modulation of radiation-induced damage of human glomerular endothelial cells by SMPDL3B

Alaa Abou Daher, Marina Francis, Patrick Azzam, Anis Ahmad, Assaad A. Eid, Alessia Fornoni, Brian Marples, Youssef H. Zeidan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The intracellular molecular pathways involved in radiation-induced nephropathy are still poorly understood. Glomerular endothelial cells are key components of the structure and function of the glomerular filtration barrier but little is known about the mechanisms implicated in their injury and repair. The current study establishes the response of immortalized human glomerular endothelial cells (GEnC) to ionizing radiation (IR). We investigated the role of sphingolipids and the lipid-modifying enzyme sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase acid-like 3b (SMPDL3b) in radiation-induced GEnC damage. After delivering a single dose of radiation, long and very-long-chain ceramide species, and the expression levels of SMPDL3b were elevated. In contrast, levels of ceramide-1-phosphate (C1P) dropped in a time-dependent manner although mRNA and protein levels of ceramide kinase (CERK) remained stable. Treatment with C1P or knocking down SMPDL3b partially restored cell survival and conferred radioprotection. We also report a novel role for the NADPH oxidase enzymes (NOXs), namely NOX1, and NOX-derived reactive oxygen species (ROS) in radiation-induced GEnC damage. Subjecting cultured endothelial cells to radiation was associated with increased NOX activity and superoxide anion generation. Silencing NOX1 using NOX1-specific siRNA mitigated radiation-induced oxidative stress and cellular injury. In addition, we report a novel connection between NOX and SMPDL3b. Treatment with the NOX inhibitor, GKT, decreased radiation-induced cellular injury and restored SMPDL3b basal levels of expression. Our findings indicate the importance of SMPDL3b as a potential therapeutic target in radiation-induced kidney damage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalFASEB Journal
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020

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Keywords

  • cancer
  • ceramide
  • glomerular endothelial cells
  • nephropathy
  • radioprotection
  • reactive oxygen species
  • SMPDL3b
  • sphingolipids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

Cite this

Abou Daher, A., Francis, M., Azzam, P., Ahmad, A., Eid, A. A., Fornoni, A., Marples, B., & Zeidan, Y. H. (Accepted/In press). Modulation of radiation-induced damage of human glomerular endothelial cells by SMPDL3B. FASEB Journal. https://doi.org/10.1096/fj.201902179R