Modulation of carbachol-stimulated inositol phospholipid hydrolysis in rat cerebral cortex

Richard S. Jope, Tamara L. Casebolt, Gail V.W. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Cortical slices from rat brain were used to study carbachol-stimulated inositol phospholipid hydrolysis. Omission of calcium during incubation of slices with [3H]inositol increased its incorporation into receptor-coupled phospholipids. Carbachol-stimulated hydrolysis of [3H]inositol phospholipids in slices was dose-dependent, was affected by the concentrations of calcium and lithium present and resulted in the accumulation of mostly [3H]inositol-l-phosphate. Incubation of slices with N-ethylmaleimide or a phorbol ester reduced the response to carbachol. Membranes prepared from cortical slices labeled with [3H]inositol retained the receptor-stimulated inositol phospholipid hydrolysis reaction. The basal rate of inositol phospholipid hydrolysis was higher than in slices and addition of carbachol further stimulated the process. Addition of GTP stimulated inositol phospholipid hydrolysis, suggesting the presence of a guanine nucleotide-binding protein coupled to phospholipase C. Carbachol and GTP-stimulated inositol phospholipid hydrolysis in membranes was detectable following a 3 min assay period. In contrast to slices, increased levels of inositol bisphosphate and inositol trisphosphate were detected following incubation of membranes with carbachol. These results demonstrate that agonist-responsive receptors are present in cortical membranes, that the receptors may be coupled to phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate, rather than phosphatidylinositol, hydrolysis and that a guanine nucleotide-binding protein may mediate the coupling of receptor activation to inositol phospholipid hydrolysis in brain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)693-700
Number of pages8
JournalNeurochemical Research
Volume12
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 1987
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • cholinergic stimulation
  • Inositol phospholipid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Biochemistry

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