Modified ibogaine fragments: Synthesis and preliminary pharmacological characterization of 3-ethyl-5-phenyl-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexahydroazepino[4,5- b]benzothiophenes

Simon M.N. Efange, Deborah C. Mash, Anil B. Khare, Quinjie Ouyang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Five phenyl-substituted derivatives and analogues of 1,2,3,4,5,6- hexahydroazepino[4,5-b]indole, 5, a major fragment of ibogaine (1), were synthesized and tested for binding to monoamine transporters, the NMDA receptor-coupled cation channel, and dopamine and opioid receptors. All five derivatives, 9 and 17a-d, displayed 8-10-fold higher affinity at the DA transporter than ibogaine and noribogaine (4). At the serotonin transporter, two compounds (9 and 17a) exhibited higher potency than ibogaine, while the rest had weaker binding affinities than the lead compound. In keeping with their structural similarity to ibogaine, all five compounds displayed weak to poor affinity for dopamine D1 and D2 receptors. However, two compounds, 17a,c, demonstrated moderate binding affinities at dopamine D3 receptors. All five compounds displayed weak to poor affinities for μ and κ opioid receptors and for the NMDA receptor-coupled cation channel. Despite the qualitative differences, derivatives and analogues of 5 may serve as useful substitutes for ibogaine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4486-4491
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Issue number23
StatePublished - Nov 5 1998


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Drug Discovery

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