Modified CV flap for nipple reconstruction

Kriya Gishen, Wrood Kassira

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Athelia or absence of the nipple may be a congenital or acquired problem after mastectomy or trauma. Breast aesthetics is enhanced by nipple reconstruction, which aims to restore the natural appearance of the breast. The surgeon must consider the nipple location on the breast mound, nipple projection, scaring, and symmetry. A variety of pedicle flap-based reconstructions have been described. The C-V flap technique, designed to be used in conjunction with later areolar tattooing or grafting, offers an effective method of nipple reconstruction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationOperative Dictations in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages3
ISBN (Electronic)9783319406312
ISBN (Print)9783319406299
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016


  • Absence of nipple
  • Athelia
  • CV flap
  • Nipple reconstruction
  • Nipple-areolar reconstruction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Modified CV flap for nipple reconstruction'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this