Moderating influence of peer norms on gender differences in condom use

Anne E. Norris, Kathleen Ford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Data from a 1991 probability sample of urban, low-income African American and Hispanic youth were used to test for the moderating influence of peer norms on condom use. Main effects for gender and peer norm were significant (p≤.05) in both ethnic groups. Young women used condoms less consistently than young men, and respondents who perceived their friends as using condoms used them more consistently than those who did not. The interaction was significant, confirming moderation (p<.02). Young women reported less consistent use than young men when they perceived that their friends did not use condoms, but no gender differences were observed when both groups perceived friends as using condoms. These effects remained significant after controlling for the effects of age, monogamy, and acculturation in the analyses, implications for HIV prevention is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)174-181
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Developmental Science
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 1998
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies


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