Recent advances in high-resolution ocean circulation models, coupled with a greater understanding of larval behaviour, have increased the sophistication of individual-based, biophysical models used to study the dispersal of larvae in the sea. Fish larvae, in particular, have the ability to swim directionally and increasingly fast during ontogeny, indicating that they may not only disperse, but also migrate using environmental signals. How and when larvae use local and large-scale cues remains a mystery. Including three-dimensional swimming schemeś into biophysical models is becoming essential to address these questions. Here, we highlight state-of-the-art modelling of vertical and horizontal migrations of fish larvae, as well as current challenges in moving towards more realistic larval movements in response to cues. Improved understanding of causes for orientation will provide insight into the evolutionary drivers of dispersal strategies for fish and marine organisms in general.
- biophysical model
- fish larvae
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Aquatic Science