Modeling the cathode catalyst layer of a Direct Methanol Fuel Cell

Saif Matar, Jiabin Ge, Hongtan Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A two-dimensional, single phase, multi-component model is developed to study the effects of cathode catalyst layer thickness on DMFC's performance. The simulations consider the effects of mixed potentials as well as the distribution of methanol concentration in the cathode catalyst layer, normally neglected by most DMFC models. In words, the assumption of zero methanol concentration at the interface between the membrane and cathode catalyst layer (CCL) is not used in this model. COMSOL Multiphysics V4.3, a finite element analysis solver and simulation software, is employed to solve the fully coupled set of equations for electrochemical kinetics, continuity, momentum and species. There is a good agreement between the modeling results and the experimental data. Further modeling results show that neglecting methanol contamination in the CCL, i.e. assuming that methanol concentration goes to zero at the membrane/cathode interface, significantly overpredicts the fuel cell performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-202
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume243
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 8 2013

Fingerprint

Direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC)
fuel cells
Cathodes
methyl alcohol
cathodes
Methanol
catalysts
Catalysts
membranes
Membranes
continuity
Fuel cells
Momentum
contamination
Contamination
simulation
computer programs
momentum
Finite element method
Kinetics

Keywords

  • DMFC Direct methanol fuel cell
  • Fuel cell
  • Methanol cross-over
  • Modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Modeling the cathode catalyst layer of a Direct Methanol Fuel Cell. / Matar, Saif; Ge, Jiabin; Liu, Hongtan.

In: Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 243, 08.07.2013, p. 195-202.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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