Oriented one-dimensional nanostructures have been of substantial interest as electrodes for lithium-ion batteries due to the better performance both in terms of initial capacity and lower capacity fade compared to powder pressed electrodes. This paper focuses on a model driven approach to understanding the relationship between the morphology of these oriented nanostructures to the performance of the battery. The Newman-type P2D modeling technique is applied to a porous electrode made up with solid continuous cylinders that extends from the current collectors to separator. TiO2 columnar nanostructures of varying heights were synthesized using the aerosol chemical vapor deposition (ACVD) and their performance as electrodes in a lithium-ion battery was measured. This electrochemical transport model was validated with the experimental data. This model was used to understand the role of transport parameters, including the diffusivity of lithium in the TiO2 and the electronic conductivity of the TiO2 columns, and structural parameters, including the height of the columns and the porosity of the electrode, on the areal capacity of a lithium ion battery at different rates of discharge. The model enables for the prediction of optimized structural parameters of one-dimensional electrodes tailored to the desired application of lithium and sodium-ion batteries.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry