Mobilization of Ca2+ by thapsigargin and 2,5-di-(t-butyl)-1,4-benzohydroquinone in permeabilized insulin-secreting RINm5F cells: evidence for separate uptake and release compartments in inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate-sensitive Ca2+ pool.

M. S. Islam, P. O. Berggren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We characterized and directly compared the Ca(2+)-releasing actions of two inhibitors of endoplasmic-reticulum (ER) Ca(2+)-ATPase, thapsigargin and 2,5-di-(t-butyl)-1,4-benzohydroquinone (tBuBHQ), in electropermeabilized insulin-secreting RINm5F cells. Ambient free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]) was monitored by Ca(2+)-selective mini-electrodes. After ATP-dependent Ca2+ uptake, thapsigargin and tBuBHQ released Ca2+ with and EC50 of approximately 37 nM and approximately 2 microM respectively. Both agents mobilized Ca2+ predominantly from the Ins(1,4,5)P3-sensitive Ca2+ pool, and in this respect thapsigargin was more specific than tBuBHQ. The total increase in [Ca2+] obtained with thapsigargin and Ins(1,4,5)P3 was, on the average, only 7% greater than that with Ins(1,4,5)P3 alone. In contrast, the total increase in [Ca2+] obtained with tBuBHQ and Ins(1,4,5)P3 was 33% greater than that obtained with only InsP3 (P < 0.05). Although Ca2+ was rapidly mobilized by thapsigargin and tBuBHQ, complete depletion of the Ins(1,4,5)P3-sensitive Ca2+ pool was difficult to achieve. After the release by thapsigargin or tBuBHQ, Ins(1,4,5)P3 induced additional Ca2+ release. The additional Ins(1,4,5)P3-induced Ca2+ release was not altered by supramaximal concentrations of thapsigargin and tBuBHQ, or by Bafilomycin A1, an inhibitor of V-type ATPases, but was decreased by prolonged treatment with the ER Ca(2+)-ATPase inhibitors. These results suggest the existence of distinct uptake and release compartments within the Ins(1,4,5)P3-sensitive Ca2+ pool. When treated with the inhibitors, the two compartments became distinguishable on the basis of their Ca2+ permeability. Apparently, thapsigargin and tBuBHQ readily mobilized Ca2+ from the uptake compartment, whereas Ca2+ from the release compartment could be mobilized only very slowly, in the absence of Ins(1,4,5)P3.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume293
StatePublished - Jul 15 1993
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate
Thapsigargin
Insulin-Secreting Cells
Insulin
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Adenosine Triphosphatases
Vacuolar Proton-Translocating ATPases
Permeability
Electrodes
Adenosine Triphosphate
Calcium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

@article{a8c54a4e8c15432392d8b954dbcccf53,
title = "Mobilization of Ca2+ by thapsigargin and 2,5-di-(t-butyl)-1,4-benzohydroquinone in permeabilized insulin-secreting RINm5F cells: evidence for separate uptake and release compartments in inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate-sensitive Ca2+ pool.",
abstract = "We characterized and directly compared the Ca(2+)-releasing actions of two inhibitors of endoplasmic-reticulum (ER) Ca(2+)-ATPase, thapsigargin and 2,5-di-(t-butyl)-1,4-benzohydroquinone (tBuBHQ), in electropermeabilized insulin-secreting RINm5F cells. Ambient free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]) was monitored by Ca(2+)-selective mini-electrodes. After ATP-dependent Ca2+ uptake, thapsigargin and tBuBHQ released Ca2+ with and EC50 of approximately 37 nM and approximately 2 microM respectively. Both agents mobilized Ca2+ predominantly from the Ins(1,4,5)P3-sensitive Ca2+ pool, and in this respect thapsigargin was more specific than tBuBHQ. The total increase in [Ca2+] obtained with thapsigargin and Ins(1,4,5)P3 was, on the average, only 7{\%} greater than that with Ins(1,4,5)P3 alone. In contrast, the total increase in [Ca2+] obtained with tBuBHQ and Ins(1,4,5)P3 was 33{\%} greater than that obtained with only InsP3 (P < 0.05). Although Ca2+ was rapidly mobilized by thapsigargin and tBuBHQ, complete depletion of the Ins(1,4,5)P3-sensitive Ca2+ pool was difficult to achieve. After the release by thapsigargin or tBuBHQ, Ins(1,4,5)P3 induced additional Ca2+ release. The additional Ins(1,4,5)P3-induced Ca2+ release was not altered by supramaximal concentrations of thapsigargin and tBuBHQ, or by Bafilomycin A1, an inhibitor of V-type ATPases, but was decreased by prolonged treatment with the ER Ca(2+)-ATPase inhibitors. These results suggest the existence of distinct uptake and release compartments within the Ins(1,4,5)P3-sensitive Ca2+ pool. When treated with the inhibitors, the two compartments became distinguishable on the basis of their Ca2+ permeability. Apparently, thapsigargin and tBuBHQ readily mobilized Ca2+ from the uptake compartment, whereas Ca2+ from the release compartment could be mobilized only very slowly, in the absence of Ins(1,4,5)P3.",
author = "Islam, {M. S.} and Berggren, {P. O.}",
year = "1993",
month = "7",
day = "15",
language = "English",
volume = "293",
journal = "Biochemical Journal",
issn = "0264-6021",
publisher = "Portland Press Ltd.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mobilization of Ca2+ by thapsigargin and 2,5-di-(t-butyl)-1,4-benzohydroquinone in permeabilized insulin-secreting RINm5F cells

T2 - evidence for separate uptake and release compartments in inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate-sensitive Ca2+ pool.

AU - Islam, M. S.

AU - Berggren, P. O.

PY - 1993/7/15

Y1 - 1993/7/15

N2 - We characterized and directly compared the Ca(2+)-releasing actions of two inhibitors of endoplasmic-reticulum (ER) Ca(2+)-ATPase, thapsigargin and 2,5-di-(t-butyl)-1,4-benzohydroquinone (tBuBHQ), in electropermeabilized insulin-secreting RINm5F cells. Ambient free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]) was monitored by Ca(2+)-selective mini-electrodes. After ATP-dependent Ca2+ uptake, thapsigargin and tBuBHQ released Ca2+ with and EC50 of approximately 37 nM and approximately 2 microM respectively. Both agents mobilized Ca2+ predominantly from the Ins(1,4,5)P3-sensitive Ca2+ pool, and in this respect thapsigargin was more specific than tBuBHQ. The total increase in [Ca2+] obtained with thapsigargin and Ins(1,4,5)P3 was, on the average, only 7% greater than that with Ins(1,4,5)P3 alone. In contrast, the total increase in [Ca2+] obtained with tBuBHQ and Ins(1,4,5)P3 was 33% greater than that obtained with only InsP3 (P < 0.05). Although Ca2+ was rapidly mobilized by thapsigargin and tBuBHQ, complete depletion of the Ins(1,4,5)P3-sensitive Ca2+ pool was difficult to achieve. After the release by thapsigargin or tBuBHQ, Ins(1,4,5)P3 induced additional Ca2+ release. The additional Ins(1,4,5)P3-induced Ca2+ release was not altered by supramaximal concentrations of thapsigargin and tBuBHQ, or by Bafilomycin A1, an inhibitor of V-type ATPases, but was decreased by prolonged treatment with the ER Ca(2+)-ATPase inhibitors. These results suggest the existence of distinct uptake and release compartments within the Ins(1,4,5)P3-sensitive Ca2+ pool. When treated with the inhibitors, the two compartments became distinguishable on the basis of their Ca2+ permeability. Apparently, thapsigargin and tBuBHQ readily mobilized Ca2+ from the uptake compartment, whereas Ca2+ from the release compartment could be mobilized only very slowly, in the absence of Ins(1,4,5)P3.

AB - We characterized and directly compared the Ca(2+)-releasing actions of two inhibitors of endoplasmic-reticulum (ER) Ca(2+)-ATPase, thapsigargin and 2,5-di-(t-butyl)-1,4-benzohydroquinone (tBuBHQ), in electropermeabilized insulin-secreting RINm5F cells. Ambient free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]) was monitored by Ca(2+)-selective mini-electrodes. After ATP-dependent Ca2+ uptake, thapsigargin and tBuBHQ released Ca2+ with and EC50 of approximately 37 nM and approximately 2 microM respectively. Both agents mobilized Ca2+ predominantly from the Ins(1,4,5)P3-sensitive Ca2+ pool, and in this respect thapsigargin was more specific than tBuBHQ. The total increase in [Ca2+] obtained with thapsigargin and Ins(1,4,5)P3 was, on the average, only 7% greater than that with Ins(1,4,5)P3 alone. In contrast, the total increase in [Ca2+] obtained with tBuBHQ and Ins(1,4,5)P3 was 33% greater than that obtained with only InsP3 (P < 0.05). Although Ca2+ was rapidly mobilized by thapsigargin and tBuBHQ, complete depletion of the Ins(1,4,5)P3-sensitive Ca2+ pool was difficult to achieve. After the release by thapsigargin or tBuBHQ, Ins(1,4,5)P3 induced additional Ca2+ release. The additional Ins(1,4,5)P3-induced Ca2+ release was not altered by supramaximal concentrations of thapsigargin and tBuBHQ, or by Bafilomycin A1, an inhibitor of V-type ATPases, but was decreased by prolonged treatment with the ER Ca(2+)-ATPase inhibitors. These results suggest the existence of distinct uptake and release compartments within the Ins(1,4,5)P3-sensitive Ca2+ pool. When treated with the inhibitors, the two compartments became distinguishable on the basis of their Ca2+ permeability. Apparently, thapsigargin and tBuBHQ readily mobilized Ca2+ from the uptake compartment, whereas Ca2+ from the release compartment could be mobilized only very slowly, in the absence of Ins(1,4,5)P3.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0027917767&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0027917767&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 8343123

VL - 293

JO - Biochemical Journal

JF - Biochemical Journal

SN - 0264-6021

ER -