Mobility aspirations of black adolescents: A comparison of males and females

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Abstract

This study examines mobility aspirations of a national sample of black adolescents. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of the High School Graduating Class of 1972, subsamples of black males (n=1369) and females (n=1750) are compared in terms of educational and occupational aspirations. In addition, multiple regression analysis is used to assess the relative importance of selected independent variables in predicting mobility aspirations. The findings show that both males and females hold high educational aspirations. However, with the exception of professional occupations, fewer females aspire to careers outside the fields where women tend to be concentrated. The regression analysis shows that the most important predictors of educational aspirations for both males and females are high school curriculum, academic aptitude, and self-concept of ability. However, the most important predictors of occupational aspirations tend to differ by sex, with community size and social class being important for males, and community size, high school curriculum, aptitude, and self-concept being important for females. The findings suggest that greater attention should be given to sex differences within race in the development of mobility aspirations among minority adolescents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)701-710
Number of pages10
JournalAdolescence
Volume16
Issue number63
StatePublished - Jan 1 1981
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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