MLL2 and KDM6A mutations in patients with Kabuki syndrome

Noriko Miyake, Eriko Koshimizu, Nobuhiko Okamoto, Seiji Mizuno, Tsutomu Ogata, Toshiro Nagai, Tomoki Kosho, Hirofumi Ohashi, Mitsuhiro Kato, Goro Sasaki, Hiroyo Mabe, Yoriko Watanabe, Makoto Yoshino, Toyojiro Matsuishi, Jun Ichi Takanashi, Vorasuk Shotelersuk, Mustafa Tekin, Nobuhiko Ochi, Masaya Kubota, Naoko ItoKenji Ihara, Toshiro Hara, Hidefumi Tonoki, Tohru Ohta, Kayoko Saito, Mari Matsuo, Mari Urano, Takashi Enokizono, Astushi Sato, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Atsushi Ogawa, Takako Fujita, Yoko Hiraki, Sachiko Kitanaka, Yoichi Matsubara, Toshio Makita, Masataka Taguri, Mitsuko Nakashima, Yoshinori Tsurusaki, Hirotomo Saitsu, Ko Ichiro Yoshiura, Naomichi Matsumoto, Norio Niikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

81 Scopus citations

Abstract

Kabuki syndrome is a congenital anomaly syndrome characterized by developmental delay, intellectual disability, specific facial features including long palpebral fissures and ectropion of the lateral third of the lower eyelids, prominent digit pads, and skeletal and visceral abnormalities. Mutations in MLL2 and KDM6A cause Kabuki syndrome. We screened 81 individuals with Kabuki syndrome for mutations in these genes by conventional methods (n=58) and/or targeted resequencing (n=45) or whole exome sequencing (n=5). We identified a mutation in MLL2 or KDM6A in 50 (61.7%) and 5 (6.2%) cases, respectively. Thirty-five MLL2 mutations and two KDM6A mutations were novel. Non-protein truncating-type MLL2 mutations were mainly located around functional domains, while truncating-type mutations were scattered through the entire coding region. The facial features of patients in the MLL2 truncating-type mutation group were typical based on those of the 10 originally reported patients with Kabuki syndrome; those of the other groups were less typical. High arched eyebrows, short fifth finger, and hypotonia in infancy were more frequent in the MLL2 mutation group than in the KDM6A mutation group. Short stature and postnatal growth retardation were observed in all individuals with KDM6A mutations, but in only half of the group with MLL2 mutations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2234-2243
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A
Volume161
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2013

Keywords

  • Genotype-phenotype correlation
  • Kabuki syndrome
  • KDM6A
  • MLL2
  • Mutation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Genetics

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    Miyake, N., Koshimizu, E., Okamoto, N., Mizuno, S., Ogata, T., Nagai, T., Kosho, T., Ohashi, H., Kato, M., Sasaki, G., Mabe, H., Watanabe, Y., Yoshino, M., Matsuishi, T., Takanashi, J. I., Shotelersuk, V., Tekin, M., Ochi, N., Kubota, M., ... Niikawa, N. (2013). MLL2 and KDM6A mutations in patients with Kabuki syndrome. American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A, 161(9), 2234-2243. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.a.36072