Mixed cobaltocenium-ferrocene heterobimetallic complexes and their binding interactions with β-cyclodextrin. A three-state, host-guest system under redox control

Blanca González, Isabel Cuadrado, Beatriz Alonso, Carmen M. Casado, Moisés Morán, Angel E. Kaifer

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Abstract

A new organometallic compound (2) containing a cobaltocenium and a ferrocene residue was synthesized, and its structure was determined by X-ray diffraction methods. The two metallocene subunits in 2 are linked by a connector featuring a positively charged quaternary ammonium nitrogen atom, which increases the aqueous solubility of 2 in every oxidation state, as compared to the previously reported heterobimetallic cobaltocenium-ferrocene complex 1, which has an uncharged tether. The electrochemical behavior of 1 and 2 in 0.1 M NaCl is characterized by the reversible one-electron oxidation of the ferrocene residue and by the one-electron reduction of the cobaltocenium subunit. The latter electrochemical process is reversible only in 2. In compound 1, the voltammetric reduction wave is distorted by precipitation of the fully reduced form on the electrode surface. Both compounds exhibit three accessible oxidation states that can be represented as Fc+-Cob+, Fc-Cob+, and Fc-Cob. Cyclic voltammetric experiments in the presence of the host β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) reveal that the fully oxidized form, Fc+-Cob+, is not bound, the intermediate oxidation state Fc-Cob+ forms a stable complex by inclusion of its ferrocene site, and the fully reduced form, Fc-Cob, presents two binding sites for the CD host. The voltammetric behavior was analyzed using digital simulation techniques in order to obtain the thermodynamic parameters for the binding equilibria.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3544-3551
Number of pages8
JournalOrganometallics
Volume21
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 19 2002

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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