Reperfusion after global ischemia (10-60 min in duration) in rat neocortex most commonly provoked transient hyperoxidation of mitochondrial electron carriers, tissue hyperoxygenation, and CBF hyperemia. These responses were normally accompanied by recovery of K+ homeostasis and EEG spike activity. Goals of this research were to understand putative relationships among these postreperfusion events with special emphasis on determining whether mitochondrial hyperoxidation results from intracellular changes that may modulate residual damage. The amplitude of postischemic mitochondrial hyperoxidation (PIMHo) did not increase when CBF increased above an apparent threshold during reperfusion, and tissue hyperoxygenation was not required for PIMHo to occur or to continue. These findings suggest that PIMHo is not merely a response to increased CBF and tissue hyperoxygenation; rather, PIMHo is modulated, at least in part, by residual intracellular derangements that limit mitochondrial electron transport. This suggestion was supported by observations that NAD became hyperoxidized after reoxygenation in anoxic hippocampal slices. Also, PIMHo occurred and subsequently resolved in many animals, but K+(o) never was cleared fully to baseline and/or EEG spike activity never was evident. One suggestion is that PIMHo signals or initiates residual intracellular derangements that in turn impair electrical and metabolic recovery of cerebral neurons after ischemia; an alternative suggestion is that PIMHo and tissue hyperoxygenation are not the sole factors modulating the immediate restoration of electrical activity after ischemia. Present data also support the following: Decreased oxygen consumption, despite adequate oxygen delivery, likely contributes to tissue hyperoxygenation after ischemia; and mitochondrial hyperoxidation is modulated by a limitation in the supply of electrons to the mitochondrial respiratory chain.
- Cerebral cortex
- Cytochrome a,a
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism