Mitochondrial DNA sequence variation and risk of meningioma

Claudine M. Samanic, Jamie K. Teer, Zachary J. Thompson, Jordan H. Creed, Sepideh Mokhtari, Brooke L. Fridley, L. Burt Nabors, Sion L. Williams, Kathleen M. Egan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Risk factors for meningioma include female gender, African American race, high body mass index (BMI), and exposure to ionizing radiation. Although genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified two nuclear genome risk loci for meningioma (rs12770228 and rs2686876), the relation between mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequence variants and meningioma is unknown. Methods: We examined the association of 42 common germline mtDNA variants (minor allele frequency ≥ 5%), haplogroups, and genes with meningioma in 1080 controls and 478 meningioma cases from a case–control study conducted at medical centers in the southeastern United States. Associations were examined separately for meningioma overall and by WHO grade (n = 409 grade I and n = 69 grade II/III). Results: Overall, meningioma was significantly associated with being female (OR 2.85; 95% CI 2.21–3.69), self-reported African American race (OR 2.38, 95% CI 1.41–3.99), and being overweight (OR 1.48; 95% CI 1.11–1.97) or obese (OR 1.70; 95% CI 1.25–2.31). The variant m.16362T > C (rs62581341) in the mitochondrial control region was positively associated with grade II/III meningiomas (OR 2.33; 95% CI 1.14–4.77), but not grade I tumors (OR 0.99; 95% CI 0.64–1.53). Haplogroup L, a marker for African ancestry, was associated with meningioma overall (OR 2.92; 95% CI 1.01–8.44). However, after stratifying by self-reported race, this association was only apparent among the few self-reported Caucasians with this haplogroup (OR 6.35; 95% CI 1.56–25.9). No other mtDNA variant, haplogroup, or gene was associated with meningioma. Conclusion: Common mtDNA variants and major mtDNA haplogroups do not appear to have associations with the odds of developing meningioma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)319-324
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of neuro-oncology
Volume155
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Haplogroups
  • Meningioma
  • Mitochondria
  • Mitochondrial DNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cancer Research

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