Mitochondrial disorders caused by mutations in respiratory chain assembly factors

Francisca Diaz, Heike Kotarsky, Vineta Fellman, Carlos T. Moraes

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mitochondrial diseases involve the dysfunction of the oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) system. This group of diseases presents with heterogeneous clinical symptoms affecting mainly organs with high energy demands. Defects in the multimeric complexes comprising the OXPHOS system have a dual genetic origin, mitochondrial or nuclear DNA. Although many nuclear DNA mutations involve genes coding for subunits of the respiratory complexes, the majority of mutations found to date affect factors that do not form part of the final complexes. These assembly factors or chaperones have multiple functions ranging from cofactor insertion to proper assembly/stability of the complexes. Although significant progress has been made in the last few years in the discovery of new assembly factors, the function of many remains elusive. Here, we describe assembly factors or chaperones that are required for respiratory chain complex assembly and their clinical relevance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)197-204
Number of pages8
JournalSeminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2011

Keywords

  • Chaperones
  • Mitochondrial diseases
  • Newborn infant
  • Oxidative phosphorylation
  • Perinatal disorder
  • Respiratory chain deficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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