Mitigation strategies for hydrogen starvation under dynamic loading in proton exchange membrane fuel cells

Fei Jia, Liejin Guo, Hongtan Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations


Hydrogen starvation in a proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell during dynamic loading can have detrimental effects to cell performance, causing significant degradations to cell components and reduce stack durability. In this study, mitigation strategies for hydrogen starvation are proposed and effectiveness of the approaches is studied by measuring variations of local current densities and temperatures in situ under various load change scenarios. A two-step startup strategy is studied and the experimental results show that current undershoots in the downstream and the region with zero current at the outlet can be completely eliminated. Experimental studies have also been conducted to examine the effectiveness of a hydrogen reservoir at the anode outlet and the results show that it can significantly reduce the fluctuations in both local current densities and temperatures under both potentiostatic and galvanostatic modes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)175-181
Number of pages7
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
StatePublished - 2017



  • Hydrogen starvation
  • Local current density
  • Mitigation strategies
  • Proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this