Mitigating the Effects of Poverty and Crime: the Long-Term Effects of an Early Intervention Programme for Children who were Developmentally Delayed and Prenatally Exposed to Cocaine

Mary Anne Ullery, Antonio Gonzalez, Lynne Katz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This study explores the long-term impact on participation in the Linda Ray Intervention Program (LRIP) for children (n = 54) who were developmentally delayed and prenatally exposed to cocaine. By identifying a group of programme graduates from a high crime/high poverty neighbourhood in Miami-Dade County using ArcGIS 10.2 software, a quasi-experimental design was used to compare children living in this area who participated in the centre-based modality (5 h a day; 5 days a week) to children living in this area who participated in the home-based modality (3 h per week) on their Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test (FCAT) reading and math scale scores in public school. The children who participated in the centre-based modality reported stronger outcomes in both math and reading FCAT scale scores at the p 

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Disability, Development and Education
StateAccepted/In press - Feb 6 2016



  • Crime
  • developmental delays
  • early intervention
  • exposure
  • FCAT
  • GIS mapping
  • high risk
  • poverty
  • prenatal drug

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Education
  • Health Professions (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)

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