Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion

Christian B. Theodotou, Michael Y. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


For over 70 years, interbody lumbar fusions have evolved from modifications to discectomy procedures to more advanced techniques such as the posterolateral interbody fusion (PLIF) and ultimately the transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF). The advent of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) techniques provided advantages of decreased soft tissue dissection, lower blood loss, and decreased post-operative pain.9 Recently, further developments have lead to the introduction of endoscopic techniques with an awake anesthesia protocol that has shown improved results over the standard MIS TLIF.12-14,20,31 While the standard MIS TLIF has now become commonplace, endoscopic MIS TLIF will also see widespread adoption over time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100888
JournalSeminars in Spine Surgery
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this