Objectives. Normative data for the coping styles and psychogenic attitudes of the Millon Behavioral Health Inventory (MBHI) for male and female chronic pain patients (CPPs) with mixed pain diagnoses have previously been reported and compared with normative MBHI manual data. However, results from other studies have suggested that CPPs with myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) may need to be considered as a distinct group in psychiatric/psychological studies. The purpose of the present study was then to provide normative data for each MBHI scale for male and female CPPs with MPS and to compare these data with MBHI manual norms for similarities and differences. Setting. Multidisciplinary pain facility. Patients. CPPs with an associated diagnosis of MPS. Outcome Measure. MBHI base rate scores. Methods. CPPs with an associated diagnosis of MPS were first broken down into two groups: males and females. Analyses were then performed using the MBHI base rate scores of these two groups. For each group, the percentages of CPPs who had a base rate of 75 or above were calculated for each individual coping style and psychogenic attitude. These percentages were then compared by chi square with percentages of patients with base rate scores of 75 or above for each coping style and psychogenic attitude to the MBHI Manual normative sample. Results. Female CPPs with MPS differed from MBHI Manual normative counterparts on two of the six psychogenic attitude scales (future despair and somatic anxiety); no differences were found in any of the eight coping style scales. Male CPPs with MPS differed from MBHI Manual normative counterparts on one coping style scale (sociable) and three psychogenic attitude scales (premorbid pessimism, future despair, and somatic anxiety). Conclusions. The pattern of the results indicated that CPPs with MPS, especially males, differ from the MBHI Manual normative data counterparts. These differences appear to be greater than those for CPPs with mixed pain diagnoses. Differences in MBHI scale scores between CPPs with MPS and MBHI Manual normative data counterparts may be related to a number of issues, such as whether differences in state factors reflecting depression and anxiety might affect trait factors purportedly measured by the MBHI.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine