Midline rotation of the right renal hilum during hand-assisted laparoscopic living donor nephrectomy

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Abstract

Background/Objectives: Laparoscopic living donor ne-phrectomy (LLDN) of the right kidney is currently considered as part of standard of care; however, dealing with the renal hilum when performing ligation/division of its renal vessels is still a main concern. Here, we describe a simple-to-perform technique, i.e., flipping the fully mobilized right kidney to the midline so that the renal artery becomes ante-riorly, which offers better visualization and easier dissection of the renal vessels (achieving maximized lengths) when performing hand-assisted LLDN of the right kidney. Methods: Living donors who underwent hand-assisted LLDN of the right kidney, along with their respective renal transplant recipients, were included in this report. Donor characteristics included renal artery and vein lengths; recipient characteristics included creatinine at months 12 – 36. Graft vein and arterial anastomosis data were also reported. Results: Nineteen living donors and 19 recipients, with median donor and recipient ages being 39 (24 – 60) and 53 (3 – 81) years, respectively, were included. None of the 38 patients had intra-or postoperative complications. Donor renal vein was anastomosed to the right external iliac vein (n = 16), right common iliac vein (n = 2), and inferior vena cava (n = 1). Gonadal vein (n = 1) and deceased donor iliac vein (n = 2) were used to increase the right renal vein length in 3 cases. Four donor kidneys had 2 arteries recon-structed side by side. None of the recipients developed any vascular or urological complications. Conclusions: The laparoscopic technique described is safe and allows better visualization of the right hilum, mainly the renal artery, and helps in stapling the renal vein and renal artery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere2021.00018
JournalJournal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2021

Keywords

  • Laparoscopic
  • Living donor
  • Nephrectomy
  • Recipients
  • Renal artery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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