Middle cerebral artery thrombosis: Acute blood-brain barrier consequences

W. Dalton Dietrich, Ricardo Prado, Brant D. Watson, Hitoshi Nakayama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effect of middle cerebral artery (MCA) thrombosis on the integrity of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) was studied in rats using horseradish peroxidase (HRP). Endothelial injury with subsequent platelet thrombosis was produced by means of a rose bengal-sensitized photochemical reaction, facilitated by irradiating the right proximal MCA segment with the focused beam of an argon laser. At 15 minutes following thrombosis formation, diffuse leakage of HRP was observed bilaterally within cortical and subcortical brain areas. Peroxidase extravasation was most dense within the the territory of the occluded artery including neocortical areas and dorso-lateral striatum. Contralaterally, a similar distribution was observed but with less intense HRP leakage. Ultrastructural studies demonstrated an increase in permeability to HRP within arterioles, venules and capillaries. At these sites, the vascular endothelium contained HRP-filled pinocytotic vesicles and tubular profiles. Although less intense, bilateral HRP leakage was also observed following MCA stenosis or femoral artery occlusion. Endothelial-platelet interactions at the site of vascular injury may be responsible for releasing substances or neurohumoral factors which contribute to the acute opening of the BBB.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)443-451
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of neuropathology and experimental neurology
Volume47
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1988

Keywords

  • Blood-brain barrier
  • Middle cerebral artery
  • Thrombosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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