The brain stem has long lost the designation of 'no-man's land.' Armed with a detailed knowledge of skull base and parenchymal neuroanatomy, coupled with the advances in intraoperative mapping and monitoring, most intrinsic brain stem cavernous malformations can be resected microsurgically. Success continues to depend on proper patient selection, optimal timing, thorough planning, meticulous technique, and completeness of the resection.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology