Background: The tumor suppressor gene TMS1 (target of methylation-induced silencing) has been described in the literature as a pro-apoptotic gene. This study examined the methylation status of TMS1 in breast cancer cells and its potential role in sensitivity to docetaxel chemotherapy. Materials and Methods: Methylation of the TMS1 promoter was examined by methylation-specific PCR (MS-PCR) and gene expression was analyzed by reverse transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR). Apoptosis was evaluated by annexin V/propidium iodide staining followed by flow cytometric analysis. Results and Conclusion: The TMS1 promoter was unmethylated in ZR75-1, MB-231 and MCF7 cells which expressed the gene and partially methylated in SKBR3 and Hs578t cells in which TMS1 expression was down-regulated. Treatment of SKBR3 and Hs578t cells with demethylating agents resulted in reactivation of the TMS1 gene. Pretreatment with 5-azacytidine increased sensitivity to docetaxel treatment in SKBR3 and Hs578t cells, indicating that TMS1 reactivation in these cells may contribute to docetaxel sensitivity.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - Aug 1 2009|
- breast cancer
- DNA methylation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research