Metformin improves in vivo and in vitro B cell function in individuals with obesity and Type-2 Diabetes

Alain Diaz, Maria Romero, Thomas Vazquez, Suzanne Lechner, Bonnie B. Blomberg, Daniela Frasca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Metformin (MET), the first-line medication for Type-2 Diabetes (T2D), has been shown to reduce chronic inflammation indirectly through reduction of hyperglycemia, or directly acting as anti-inflammatory drug. The effects of MET on B lymphocytes is uncharacterized. In the present study, we measured in vivo and in vitro influenza vaccine responses in 2 groups of T2D patients: recently diagnosed but not taking anti-diabetic drugs, and patients taking MET. Results show that B cell function and vaccine responses, hampered by obesity and T2D, are recovered by MET. Moreover, MET used in vitro to stimulate B cells from recently diagnosed T2D patients is also able to reduce B cell-intrinsic inflammation and increase antibody responses, similar to what we have seen in B cells from patients taking MET, who show increased responses to the influenza vaccine in vivo. These results are the first to show an effect of MET on B cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2694-2700
Number of pages7
JournalVaccine
Volume35
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - May 9 2017

Keywords

  • B cells
  • Inflammation
  • Metformin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • veterinary(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Metformin improves in vivo and in vitro B cell function in individuals with obesity and Type-2 Diabetes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this