Metastasis and chemoresistance in CD133 expressing pancreatic cancer cells are dependent on their lipid raft integrity

Vineet Kumar Gupta, Nikita S. Sharma, Kousik Kesh, Patricia Dauer, Alice Nomura, Bhuwan Giri, Vikas Dudeja, Santanu Banerjee, Sanjoy K Bhattacharya, Ashok Saluja, Sulagna Banerjee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Metabolic rewiring is an integral part of tumor growth. Among metabolic pathways, the Mevalonic-Acid-Pathway (MVAP) plays a key role in maintaining membrane architecture through cholesterol synthesis, thereby affecting invasiveness. In the current study, we show for the first time that CD133Hi pancreatic tumor initiating cells (TIC) have increased expression of MVAP enzymes, cholesterol-content and Caveolin expression. Further, we show that CD133 in these cells is localized in the lipid-rafts (characterized by Cav-1-cholesterol association). Disruption of lipid-rafts by either depleting Cav-1 or by inhibiting MVAP by lovastatin decreased metastatic-potential and chemoresistance in CD133Hi cells while not affecting the CD133lo cells. Additionally, disruption of lipid-raft results in deregulation of FAK-signaling, decreasing invasiveness in pancreatic-TICs. Furthermore, this also inhibits ABC-transporter activity resulting in sensitizing TICs to standard chemotherapeutic agents. Repurposing existing drugs for new clinical applications is one of the safest and least resource intensive approaches to improve therapeutic options. In this context, our study is extremely timely as it shows that targeting lipid-rafts with statins can sensitize the normally resistant pancreatic TICHi-cells to standard chemotherapy and decrease metastasis, thereby defining a novel strategy for targeting the TICHi-PDAC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-112
Number of pages12
JournalCancer Letters
Volume439
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 28 2018

Keywords

  • Caveolin-1
  • CD133
  • Chemoresistance
  • Lipid raft
  • Metastasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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