Sarcoidosis is a disorder characterized by granulomatous inflammation of unclear etiology. In this study we evaluated whether veterans with sarcoidosis exhibited different plasma metabolomic and metallomic profiles compared with civilians with sarcoidosis. A case control study was performed on veteran and civilian patients with confirmed sarcoidosis. Proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H NMR), hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (HILIC-MS) and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) were applied to quantify metabolites and metal elements in plasma samples. Our results revealed that the veterans with sarcoidosis significantly differed from civilians, according to metabolic and metallomics profiles. Moreover, the results showed that veterans with sarcoidosis and veterans with COPD were similar to each other in metabolomics and metallomics profiles. This study suggests the important role of environmental risk factors in the development of different molecular phenotypic responses of sarcoidosis. In addition, this study suggests that sarcoidosis in veterans may be an occupational disease.
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