Metabolism of dimethylsulfoniopropionate and glycine betaine by a marine bacterium

Mara Diaz, Pieter T. Visscher, Barrie F. Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The metabolism of the methylated osmolytes glycine betaine (GB) and dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) was studied in a bacterium (strain MD 14-50) isolated from a colony of the cyanobacterium Trichodesmium. MD 14-50 when grown on DMSP cleaved dimethylsulfide (DMS) from DMSP and oxidized acrylate. In contrast to DMSP, GB was metabolized by sequential N-demethylations. Low concentrations (100 μM) of DMSP or GB allowed the growth of MD 14-50 on glucose at higher salinities than in their absence. At elevated salinities, DMSP was accumulated intracellularly with less catabolism and DMS production. Thus, DMSP and GB were catabolized by different mechanisms but functioned interchangeably as osmolytes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-66
Number of pages6
JournalFEMS Microbiology Letters
Volume96
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 1992
Externally publishedYes

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Betaine
Bacteria
Salinity
Cyanobacteria
dimethylpropiothetin
Glucose
Growth

Keywords

  • Catabolism
  • Dimethylsulfoniopropionate
  • Glycine betaine
  • Marine bacterium
  • Osmolyte

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Microbiology

Cite this

Metabolism of dimethylsulfoniopropionate and glycine betaine by a marine bacterium. / Diaz, Mara; Visscher, Pieter T.; Taylor, Barrie F.

In: FEMS Microbiology Letters, Vol. 96, No. 1, 01.09.1992, p. 61-66.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Diaz, Mara ; Visscher, Pieter T. ; Taylor, Barrie F. / Metabolism of dimethylsulfoniopropionate and glycine betaine by a marine bacterium. In: FEMS Microbiology Letters. 1992 ; Vol. 96, No. 1. pp. 61-66.
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