Cellular metabolism reprogramming is an emerging hallmark of cancer, which provides tumor cells with not only necessary energy but also crucial materials to support growth. Exploiting the unique features of cancer metabolism is promising in cancer therapies. The growing interest in this field has led to numerous inhibitors being developed against key molecules in metabolic pathways, though most of them are still in preclinical development. Potential targeted cancer cell metabolic pathways under investigation include glycolysis, tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS), glutaminolysis, pentose phosphate pathway (PPP), lipid synthesis, amino acid and nucleotide metabolism. Sarcoma is a type of cancer that arises from transformed cells of mesenchymal origin, in contrast to carcinoma which originates from epithelial cells. Compared with carcinoma, progress towards harnessing the therapeutic potential of targeting sarcoma cell metabolism has been relatively slow. Recently however, with the discovery of cancer-specific mutations in metabolic enzymes such as isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) and succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) in certain sarcoma types, cancer cellular metabolism has been considered more as a source of new targets for treating sarcoma. In this article, we review metabolic enzymes currently tested for cancer therapies and describe the therapeutic potential of targeting IDH mutations and SDH deficiency in sarcomas.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)