In muscular dystrophy (MD) there is an imbalance between muscle protein synthesis and protein degradation, which results in a net muscle catabolism, along with muscle wasting and weakness. Using a dystrophic hamster model (BIO 53.58), we examined the chronic (8 weeks) effects of two factors that may enhance muscle protein synthesis and inhibit protein degradation, namely, insulin-like growth factor-I (rhIGF-I) and high-protein diet (HPD). Protein synthesis was determined by measuring the incorporation of 14C phenylalanine into perfused leg muscle, while protein degradation was calculated from the release of tyrosine from the same perfused muscle. Urinary 3-methylhistidine excretion was used as an indicator of myofibrillar degradation. Treatment of dystrophic hamsters with rhIGF-I, HPD, or a combination of the two for 8 weeks resulted in significant decreases in total and myofibrillar degradation when compared with untreated dystrophic animals (P < 0.05) but had minimal effects on protein synthesis. Significant morphologic improvements (P < 0.05), including a normalization and greater uniformity of muscle fibers, were also seen in rhIGF-I- and rhIGF-I + HPD- treated animals. rhIGF-I and HPD were effective in reducing the excessive proteolysis seen in dystrophic muscle, and this reduced proteolysis resulted in improvement of muscle morphology.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine|
|State||Published - Jun 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)