Mesenchymal and neural stem cells labeled with HEDP-coated SPIO nanoparticles: In vitro characterization and migration potential in rat brain

Gaëtan J.R. Delcroix, Matthieu Jacquart, Laurent Lemaire, Laurence Sindji, Florence Franconi, Jean Jacques Le Jeune, Claudia N. Montero-Menei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

79 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mesenchymal stem cells°MSC) may transdifferentiate into neural cells in vitro under the influence of matrix molecules and growth factors present in neurogenic niches. However, further experiments on the behavior of such stem cells remain to be done in vivo. In this study, rat MSC (rMSC) have been grafted in a neurogenic environment of the rat brain, the subventricular zone (SVZ), in order to detect and follow their migration using superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles. We sought to characterize the potential effect of iron loading on the behavior of rMSC as well as to address the potential of rMSC to migrate when exposed to the adequate brain microenvironment. 1-hydroxyethylidene-1.1-bisphosphonic acid (HEDP)-coated SPIO nanoparticles efficiently labeled rMSC without significant adverse effects on cell viability and on the in vitro differentiation potential. In opposition to iron-labeled rat neural stem cells (rNSC), used as a positive control, iron-labeled rMSC did not respond to the SVZ microenvironment in vivo and did not migrate, unless a mechanical lesion of the olfactory bulb was performed. This confirmed the known potential of iron-labeled rMSC to migrate toward lesions and, as far as we know, this is the first study describing such a long distance migration from the SVZ toward the olfactory bulb through the rostral migratory stream (RMS).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18-31
Number of pages14
JournalBrain research
Volume1255
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 19 2009

Keywords

  • Cell migration
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Mesenchymal stem cell
  • Olfactory bulb
  • SPIO
  • Subventricular zone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

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    Delcroix, G. J. R., Jacquart, M., Lemaire, L., Sindji, L., Franconi, F., Le Jeune, J. J., & Montero-Menei, C. N. (2009). Mesenchymal and neural stem cells labeled with HEDP-coated SPIO nanoparticles: In vitro characterization and migration potential in rat brain. Brain research, 1255, 18-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2008.12.013