Mercury speciation and fine particle size distribution on combustion of Chinese coals

Lei Zhang, Michael Daukoru, Sarah Torkamani, Shuxiao Wang, Jiming Hao, Pratim Biswas

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Coal combustion is the dominant anthropogenic mercury emission source of the world. Electrostatic precipitator (ESP) can remove almost all the particulate mercury (Hgp), and wet flue gas desulfurization (WFGD) can retain a large part of the gaseous oxidized mercury (Hg2+). Only a small percentage of gaseous elemental mercury (Hg0) can be abated by the air pollution control devices (APCDs). Therefore, the mercury behavior across APCDs largely depends on the mercury speciation in the flue gas exhausting from the coal combustor. To better understand the formation process of three mercury species, i.e. Hg0, Hg2+ and Hg p, in gaseous phase and fine particles, bench-scale measurements for the flue gas exhausting from combustion of different types of coal in a drop-tube furnace set-up, were carried out. It was observed that with the limitation of reaction kinetics, higher mercury concentration in flue gas will lead to lower Hg2+ proportion. The concentration of chlorine has the opposite effect, not as significantly as that of mercury though. With the chlorine concentration increasing, the proportion of Hg2+ increases. Combusting the finer coal powder results in the formation of more Hg 2+. Mineral composition of coal and coal particle size has a great impact on fine particle formation. Al in coal is in favor of finer particle formation, while Fe in coal can benefit the formation of larger particles. The coexistence of Al and Si can strengthen the particle coagulation process. This process can also be improved by the feeding of more or finer coal powder. The oxy-coal condition can make for both the mercury oxidation process and the metal oxidation in the fine particle formation process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCleaner Combustion and Sustainable World - Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Coal Combustion
PublisherSpringer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Pages220-227
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)3540356061, 9783642304446
StatePublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes
Event7th International Symposium on Coal Combustion: Cleaner Combustion and Sustainable World, ISCC - Harbin, China
Duration: Jul 17 2011Jul 20 2011

Publication series

NameCleaner Combustion and Sustainable World - Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Coal Combustion

Conference

Conference7th International Symposium on Coal Combustion: Cleaner Combustion and Sustainable World, ISCC
Country/TerritoryChina
CityHarbin
Period7/17/117/20/11

Keywords

  • Bench-scale measurements
  • Coal combustion
  • Fine particle
  • Mercury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fuel Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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