Menthol cigarettes and the cardiovascular risks of people living with HIV

María José Míguez-Burbano, Mayra Vargas, Clery Quiros, John E Lewis, Luis Espinoza, Asthana Deshratan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The possibility that menthol cigarettes add to the deleterious cardiovascular effects of smoking has been barely discussed. Although cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are at the forefront of medical concerns of people living with HIV (PLWH), an important, yet unknown, issue for clinicians and public health authorities is whether use of menthol-flavored cigarettes heightens CVD risk factors. Our study aims to assess traditional (10-year risk using the Framingham Risk Model) and nontraditional CVD risk factors and to contrast the effects of menthol-flavored versus non-menthol-flavored cigarettes on these risk factors. Compared to controls, menthol smokers were twice as likely to have hypertension. Users of menthol-flavored cigarettes had higher body mass index values, and increased risk of abdominal obesity. Multivariate analyses indicated that menthol smokers doubled the odds of having moderate to high CVD risk. This finding is highly significant given the widespread use of menthol-flavored cigarettes, particularly among women, minorities, and PLWH.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)427-435
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Cardiovascular risks
  • HIV
  • Mentholated cigarettes
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

Cite this

Míguez-Burbano, M. J., Vargas, M., Quiros, C., Lewis, J. E., Espinoza, L., & Deshratan, A. (2014). Menthol cigarettes and the cardiovascular risks of people living with HIV. Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care, 25(5), 427-435. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jana.2014.01.006