The majority of melanoma mutations are C>T transitions, and most bear UV signatures. However, other process may contribute to the high C>T mutation rate. Okura et al., have demonstrated immunohistochemical evidence of deaminating enzymes, activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) and apolipoprotein B mRNA-editing enzyme catalytic polypeptide-like 3B (APOBEC3B) in melanoma. Both have been implicated in cancer. While further validation is necessary, these findings warrant consideration of a role for deamination in melanomagenesis. Deamination primarily drives C>T transitions. Compared with trunk/extremity melanomas, acral melanomas display a significantly higher percentage of 'spontaneous' and 'AID' mutation signature events suggesting deamination may be particularly important in this subgroup.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology