Medical hypnosis and orthopedic hand surgery: Pain perception, postoperative recovery, and therapeutic comfort

Magaly H. Mauer, Kent F Burnett, Elizabeth Anne Ouellette, Gail H. Ironson, Herbert M. Dandes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Orthopedic hand-surgery patients experience severe pain postoperatively, yet they must engage in painful exercises and wound care shortly after surgery; poor patient involvement may result in loss of function and disfigurement. This study tested a hypnosis intervention designed to reduce pain perception, enhance postsurgical recovery, and facilitate rehabilitation. Using a quasi-experimental research design, 60 hand-surgery patients received either usual treatment or usual treatment plus hypnosis. After controlling for gender, race, and pretreatment scores, the hypnosis group showed significant decreases in measures of perceived pain intensity (PPI), perceived pain affect (PPA), and state anxiety. In addition, physician's ratings of progress were significantly higher for experimental subjects than for controls, and the experimental group had significantly fewer medical complications. These results suggest that a brief hypnosis intervention may reduce orthopedic hand-surgery patients' postsurgical PPI, PPA, and anxiety; decrease comorbidity; and enhance postsurgical recovery and rehabilitation. However, true experimental research designs with other types of controls must be employed to determine more fully the contribution of hypnosis to improved outcome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)144-161
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Volume47
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1999
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Complementary and Manual Therapy
  • Clinical Psychology

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