Mechanism of membrane-tethered mitochondrial protein synthesis

Yuzuru Itoh, Juni Andréll, Austin Choi, Uwe Richter, Priyanka Maiti, Robert B. Best, Antoni Barrientos, Brendan J. Battersby, Alexey Amunts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) are tethered to the mitochondrial inner membrane to facilitate the cotranslational membrane insertion of the synthesized proteins. We report cryo–electron microscopy structures of human mitoribosomes with nascent polypeptide, bound to the insertase oxidase assembly 1–like (OXA1L) through three distinct contact sites. OXA1L binding is correlated with a series of conformational changes in the mitoribosomal large subunit that catalyze the delivery of newly synthesized polypeptides. The mechanism relies on the folding of mL45 inside the exit tunnel, forming two specific constriction sites that would limit helix formation of the nascent chain. A gap is formed between the exit and the membrane, making the newly synthesized proteins accessible. Our data elucidate the basis by which mitoribosomes interact with the OXA1L insertase to couple protein synthesis and membrane delivery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)846-849
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume371
Issue number6531
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 19 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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