Mechanism of Death in Patients with the Automatic Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator

RICHARD M. LUCERI, SALEM M. HABAL, AGUSTIN CASTELLANOS, RICHARD J. THURER, RAYMOND S. WATERS, SHELDON L. BROWNSTEIN

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fifty patients underwent primary implantation of an automatic implantable cardioverter defibrillator between August 1983 and April 1988 and were entered into a long-term surveillance program. There were a total of 14 deaths (28%) in the entire group occurring at a mean of 8.7 months postimplantation. Eleven deaths were cardiac and three were noncardiac (two pneumonia, one leukemia). The group of deceased patients were similar to the survivors in all respects except for a statistically lower ejection fraction (23% vs 32%) at the time of implantation. In addition, 13/14 (93%) of the deceased patients experienced at least one appropriate AICD discharge at a mean of 4.5 months post implantation. Recorded ECGs at the time of death revealed that most of the sudden deaths were due to electromechanical dissociation and not to AICD-treatable arrhythmias. These data suggest therefore that death in AICD patients is usually cardiac, due primarily to low ejection fraction and occurs in patients who have previously received AICD discharges.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2015-2022
Number of pages8
JournalPacing and Clinical Electrophysiology
Volume11
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1988

Keywords

  • implantable defibrillator
  • mechanism of sudden cardiac death
  • ventricular fibrillation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    LUCERI, RICHARD. M., HABAL, SALEM. M., CASTELLANOS, AGUSTIN., THURER, RICHARD. J., WATERS, RAYMOND. S., & BROWNSTEIN, SHELDON. L. (1988). Mechanism of Death in Patients with the Automatic Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator. Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology, 11(11), 2015-2022. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-8159.1988.tb06343.x