A mechanical ventilator is an automated device that provides all or part of the work of breathing for patients with impaired respiratory or neurologic function. In order to safely apply a mechanical ventilator to a patient for continuous use, four requisites must be met (Table 8.1). First, there must be a way to create a stable attachment of the device to the patient, referred to as the interface. Second, there must be an energy source to drive the device. Third, the size and timing of the breaths must be regulated or controlled. Fourth, there must be a system to adequately monitor the performance of the ventilator and the status of the patient. This should include adjustable alarms to alert the clinician to undesirable and potentially dangerous conditions Chatburn (2003).
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Pediatric and Neonatal Mechanical Ventilation: From Basics to Clinical Practice|
|Publisher||Springer Berlin Heidelberg|
|Number of pages||126|
|ISBN (Print)||9783642012198, 9783642012181|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2015|
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