Mechanical ventilation

Jean Michel Arnal, Eduardo Bancalari, Katherine C. Clement, Sherry E. Courtney, Claude Danan, Steven M. Donn, Xavier Durrmeyer, Guillaume Emeriaud, Sandrine Essouri, Francesco Grasso, Mark J. Heulitt, Brian P. Kavanagh, Martin Keszler, Paul Ouellet, Jane J. Pillow, Ronald C. Sanders, Thomas Schaffer, Andreas Schulze, Sunil K. Sinha

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

A mechanical ventilator is an automated device that provides all or part of the work of breathing for patients with impaired respiratory or neurologic function. In order to safely apply a mechanical ventilator to a patient for continuous use, four requisites must be met (Table 8.1). First, there must be a way to create a stable attachment of the device to the patient, referred to as the interface. Second, there must be an energy source to drive the device. Third, the size and timing of the breaths must be regulated or controlled. Fourth, there must be a system to adequately monitor the performance of the ventilator and the status of the patient. This should include adjustable alarms to alert the clinician to undesirable and potentially dangerous conditions Chatburn (2003).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPediatric and Neonatal Mechanical Ventilation: From Basics to Clinical Practice
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Pages149-274
Number of pages126
ISBN (Print)9783642012198, 9783642012181
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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