Percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) of thrombus-containing lesions are associated with an increased risk of acute complications and poorer long term vessel patency. Dealing with these vessels provides many technical challenges, especially with the significant risk of coronary no reflow and distal embolization. Pharmacological strategies, including intravenous and intracoronary glycoprotein IIbIIIa inhibitors reduce intracoronary thrombus propagation, improve TIMI flow and are associated with a reduction in adverse event rates. Mechanical strategies (particularly embolic protection and thrombectomy catheters) help to improve coronary blood flow and myocardial perfusion. However, their impact on clinical outcomes is less clear. The use of embolic protection devices is associated with better perfusion, blood flow, and clinical outcomes among patients undergoing saphenous vein graft (SVG) PCI. However, the role for these devices in primary PCI and native coronary artery interventions is uncertain. This study examines the current approaches to manage thrombotic lesions during PCI and reviews the evidence in support of the different mechanical thrombectomy options that are available to the interventional cardiologist.
- Acute myocardial infarction
- Embolic protection
- No reflow
- Primary angioplasty
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging