Mechanical thrombectomy in isolated large vessel posterior cerebral artery occlusions

Muhammad Zeeshan Memon, Marina Kushnirsky, Marie Christine Brunet, Vasu Saini, Sebastian Koch, Dileep R. Yavagal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Mechanical thrombectomy (MT) in posterior circulation large vessel occlusion (LVO), including posterior cerebral artery (PCA), has not been validated since all five major MT trials excluded such patients. To evaluate the feasibility and preliminary safety and efficacy of MT in isolated PCA occlusion stroke patients with new-generation MT devices. Methods: Endovascularly treated acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients were identified from a prospectively collected database and their baseline characteristics were noted. Clinical outcomes were angiographic recanalization, a favorable clinical outcome at 3 months on modified Rankin Scale (mRS) and visual field (VF) deficit improvement on confrontation test, rate of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), and mortality at 3 months. Results: A total of 355 AIS patients underwent MT from January 2018 to December 2019. Isolated PCA MT was performed in 15 consecutive patients. The mean age was 64 ± 17 years, and 9(60%) were women. Median presentation NIHSS was 9 (interquartile range 5–15). MT devices used were stent retrievers in 6 patients and combined aspiration and stent retriever in 9 patients. Complete revascularization (TICI 2c or 3) was achieved in 12/15 patients. 3-month VF normalization was seen in 7/12 of the patients. Post-procedure symptomatic ICH occurred in 1/15 of patients. mRS score of 0–2 was achieved in 9/15 of patients but one patient was dead at 3 months post procedure. Conclusion: MT is feasible and can achieve successful reperfusion in isolated PCA occlusions and resulted in favorable motor and visual outcomes in this small series of ischemic stroke patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-116
Number of pages6
JournalNeuroradiology
Volume63
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Large vessel occlusion
  • Mechanical thrombectomy
  • Posterior cerebral artery
  • Stroke
  • Visual field outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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