Measuring health inequality: Challenges and new directions

Christopher J L Murray, Julio Frenk, Emmanuela E. Gakidou

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


This chapter discusses two topics related to health inequalities: the measurement of health inequality and social inequalities as determinants of health status. It suggests an alternative framework for studying health inequality, wherein 'health inequality' refers to the variation in health status across individuals in a population. This is a use distinct from the concept of health inequalities used in studies of health differences between social groups. The use of 'health inequality' to refer to a composite measure of individual-level variation is consistent with other disciplines studying inequality across individuals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPoverty, Inequality, and Health: An International Perspective
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Print)9780191723599, 0192631969, 9780192631961
StatePublished - Sep 1 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Health inequalities
  • Health status
  • Individual-level variation
  • Social inequality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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