Measurements of anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background radiation at 0°.5 angular scales near the star gamma ursae minoris

M. J. Devlin, A. C. Clapp, J. O. Gundersen, C. A. Hagmann, V. V. Hristov, A. E. Lange, M. A. Lim, P. M. Lubin, P. D. Mauskopf, P. R. Meinhold, P. L. Richards, G. F. Smoot, S. T. Tanaka, P. T. Timbie, C. A. Wuensche

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Abstract

We present results from a four-frequency observation of a 6° ×0°.6 strip of the sky centered near the star Gamma Ursae Minoris (GUM) during the fourth flight of the Millimeter-wave Anisotropy eXperiment (MAX). The observation was made with a 1°.4 peak-to-peak sinusoidal chop in all bands. The FWHM beam sizes were 0°.55 ± 0°.05 at 3.5 cm-1 and 0°.75 ± 0°.05 at 6, 9, and 14 cm-1. During this observation significant correlated structure was observed at 3.5, 6 and 9 cm-1 with amplitudes similar to those observed in the GUM region during the second and third flights of MAX. The frequency spectrum is consistent with cosmic microwave background (CMB) and inconsistent with thermal emission from interstellar dust. The extrapolated amplitudes of synchrotron and free-free emission are too small to account for the amplitude of the observed structure. If all of the structure is attributed to CMB anisotropy with a Gaussian autocorrelation function and a coherence angle of 25′, then the most probable values of ΔT/TCMB in the 3.5, 6, and 9 cm-1 bands are 4.3-1.6+2.7 × 10-5, 2.8-1.1+4.3 × 10-5, and 3.5-1.6+3.0 × 10-5 (95% confidence upper and lower limits), respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L1-L4
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume430
Issue number1 PART 2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 20 1994

Keywords

  • Cosmic microwave background
  • Cosmology: observations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Devlin, M. J., Clapp, A. C., Gundersen, J. O., Hagmann, C. A., Hristov, V. V., Lange, A. E., Lim, M. A., Lubin, P. M., Mauskopf, P. D., Meinhold, P. R., Richards, P. L., Smoot, G. F., Tanaka, S. T., Timbie, P. T., & Wuensche, C. A. (1994). Measurements of anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background radiation at 0°.5 angular scales near the star gamma ursae minoris. Astrophysical Journal, 430(1 PART 2), L1-L4. https://doi.org/10.1086/187423