Measurement of the type a behavior pattern by self-report questionnaires: Several perspectives on validity

David J Lee, Daniel W. King, Lynda A. King

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The overall aim of this study was to evaluate the validity of the Type A behavior pattern as measured by paper-and-pencil questionnaires. Booklets containing the Jenkins Activity Survey, Framingham Type A Scale, Thurstone Activity Scale, a newly constructed bipolar adjective Type A measure, and measures of the needs for achievement and nurturance were completed by 418 students. Convergent and discriminant validity were evaluated using LISREL VI. Convergent validity was supported by a common Type A construct represented by the covariation among different measures. Although all Type A measures shared common variance, there was consistent evidence that each measure reflects a unique aspect of the construct. Regarding discriminant validity, Type A was distinguished from the needs for achievement and nurturance. Regression analysis indicated that each of the three component factors of the Jenkins Activity Survey accounted for unique variance in Type A scores on this instrument. Results, generally, were comparable for both males and females.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)409-423
Number of pages15
JournalEducational and Psychological Measurement
Volume47
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1987
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

behavior pattern
Questionnaire
Self Report
questionnaire
Regression analysis
Pamphlets
Discriminant
Students
LISREL
Regression Analysis
regression analysis
Surveys and Questionnaires
Evaluate
evidence
student

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Education

Cite this

Measurement of the type a behavior pattern by self-report questionnaires : Several perspectives on validity. / Lee, David J; King, Daniel W.; King, Lynda A.

In: Educational and Psychological Measurement, Vol. 47, No. 2, 1987, p. 409-423.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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