Measurement of the type a behavior pattern by self-report questionnaires: Several perspectives on validity

David J. Lee, Daniel W. King, Lynda A. King

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The overall aim of this study was to evaluate the validity of the Type A behavior pattern as measured by paper-and-pencil questionnaires. Booklets containing the Jenkins Activity Survey, Framingham Type A Scale, Thurstone Activity Scale, a newly constructed bipolar adjective Type A measure, and measures of the needs for achievement and nurturance were completed by 418 students. Convergent and discriminant validity were evaluated using LISREL VI. Convergent validity was supported by a common Type A construct represented by the covariation among different measures. Although all Type A measures shared common variance, there was consistent evidence that each measure reflects a unique aspect of the construct. Regarding discriminant validity, Type A was distinguished from the needs for achievement and nurturance. Regression analysis indicated that each of the three component factors of the Jenkins Activity Survey accounted for unique variance in Type A scores on this instrument. Results, generally, were comparable for both males and females.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)409-423
Number of pages15
JournalEducational and Psychological Measurement
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1987
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Applied Mathematics


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