Measurement of the mueller matrix for ocean water

Kenneth J. Voss, Edward S. Fry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

183 Scopus citations


The normalized light scattering polarization matrix has been measured for ocean water using an electrooptic light scattering polarimeter. Measurements were done on samples from the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans and the Gulf of Mexico. The polarization effects in the matrices were found to have, in general, a form which is similar to polarization effects in the Rayleigh scattering approximation; for example, all off-diagonal matrix elements except S12 and S21 were zero. Mueller matrix elements were calculated using a Mie computer code and compared to the measured matrices for ocean water. A simple one-component distribution was found to produce a reasonably good fit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4427-4439
Number of pages13
JournalApplied Optics
Issue number23
StatePublished - Dec 1984
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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