Matrical Carcinoma with Melanocytic Proliferation and Prominent Squamoid Whorls

Gabriel Villada, Ricardo Romagosa, Mariya Miteva, Paolo Romanelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Matrical carcinoma (pilomatrix carcinoma) is a rare follicular low-grade malignancy with matrical differentiation. A pigmented variant with admixed dendritic melanocytes is exceedingly rare with only 7 cases reported in the literature. The diagnosis of malignancy can be difficult to establish. The authors report a case of a 79-year-old woman with a matrical carcinoma who presented with an ulcerated nodule on the posterior right leg, measuring 2.2 cm in greatest dimension. The excisional biopsy showed irregularly shaped dermal and subcutaneous nodules ranging in size from 0.1 to 0.5 cm. The nodules were composed of aggregates of large atypical basaloid cells, with multiple, sometimes atypical, mitoses, admixed with ghost cells, and central necrosis en masse. In addition, the neoplasm was characterized by focal marked melanocytic proliferation and multiple whorls of pink eosinophilic material reminiscent of keratin pearls (squamoid whorls). The basaloid cells were positive for beta-catenin both in the nuclei and the cytoplasm and negative for BerEp4. S100, Melan-A, and HMB45 highlighted the melanocytic dendritic cells. Pan-cytokeratin was negative in the ghost cells and focally positive in the squamoid whorls. Squamoid whorls seem to be a significant feature of matrical carcinoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e11-e14
JournalAmerican Journal of Dermatopathology
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • adnexal neoplasm
  • ghost cell
  • matrical carcinoma
  • pilomatrix carcinoma
  • squamoid whorl

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Dermatology

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